Equity Neglected in Climate Negotiations: India in Bonn | Latest India News
India made an intervention at the closing plenary session of the Bonn Climate Conference, saying equity was neglected in climate negotiations. Commenting on climate science and negotiation review provisions, India stressed that countries should acknowledge the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) suggestions on the global carbon budget and fairness.
“We are disappointed that the conclusions are unable to note the most significant advances of the three reports of the IPCC working group which have provided through the concept of global carbon budgets a fundamental vision of past, present and future responsibility. Equitable access to the global carbon budget is therefore rightly the basis for operationalizing equity. The reports highlighted the importance of equity and climate justice, the urgency of basic service delivery and socio-economic development as they aim for sustainable and climate resilient development. We have many mitigation scenarios and pathways in the scientific literature, but most of them are not based on equity or other regional assumptions explained. There is a lot of work to be done,” said India led by chief negotiator Richa Sharma.
The proposal by India and other developing countries to establish a loss and damage financing mechanism to compensate vulnerable countries for losses caused by climate-related disasters has not been on the agenda of the negotiations at the upcoming climate summit, as the Bonn climate talks wrapped up on Thursday.
There was intense debate over the proposal at the Bonn Climate Conference, a precursor to COP 27, with rich countries strongly opposing it according to independent observers and developing country negotiators. Discussions on the issue were subsequently stalled.
Developing countries expressed their dissatisfaction in the closing plenary and it is likely that there will be a struggle to include the agenda on financing loss and damage at the start of the COP 27 climate conference in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, to establish the facility.
The Bonn climate conference, which mainly prepares on various issues of the climate negotiations for the next United Nations climate change conference to be held in November in Egypt, began on June 6 and ended on Thursday. A 10-member delegation of senior officials and negotiators from the union environment ministry attended the conference. In the first week, countries participated in what is called the Glasgow Dialogue on Loss and Damage, where India made an intervention calling for the establishment of a funding mechanism that can provide funds to prepare for disasters by building capacity and strengthening early warning, followed by recovery and reconstruction after extreme weather events. India also said that climate induced loss and damage is a lived reality here and elaborated on all the climate change induced disasters that India is facing and trying to cope with on its own.
The Group of 77 and China wrote to UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa on June 13 proposing that loss and damage financing modalities be included on the COP 27 agenda. by HT says putting this issue on the agenda would allow countries to discuss and agree on solutions to address “long-standing gaps in existing funding arrangements to address loss and damage.” On this issue, the G77 and China proposed that decisions be taken on clarifying the funding modalities to avoid, minimize and address loss and damage at COP27 and to further develop the design and modalities. of such a facility during COP27. firmly convinced that the Dialogue is an autonomous dialogue without a clear destination. This agenda sub-item aims to fill this shortfall,” the letter read.
“We wanted the Glasgow Dialogue on Loss and Damage to result in the Loss and Damage Financing Facility, as agreed at COP26. At the Bonn climate conference, for the first time, rich countries recognized the problem of loss and damage and the lack of financing to deal with the impacts. Previously, they deliberately confused it with adaptation to avoid acting. On the closing day of the Glasgow Dialogue last week, many wealthy countries such as New Zealand and Australia acknowledged that loss and damage is happening now. They spoke of non-economic losses such as loss of language and culture; and issues of slow onset events like sea level rise, melting ice, etc. Even the United States and the European Union have recognized the problems and the need for increased funding. But to fill the funding gap they have pointed to humanitarian aid which does not go far enough in supporting communities, especially in non-economic losses and slow onset events,” Harjeet Singh said. , senior adviser to the Climate Action Network, an advocacy group and independent observer to the negotiations.
“When wealthy nations had to commit to the establishment of a loss and damage financing mechanism, which was demanded by small island states, least developed countries, the whole group of developing countries or the group of G77 and China, the EU, Switzerland with the support of the United States blocked the agenda. This basically means that we have no process to capture the dialogue and how such a setup will be established. So the dialogue on loss and damage was just a waste of time. Any delay caused in the UN process has a huge consequence. People pay for this delay throughout their lives as they lose their homes and crops, without sufficient means to recover from climate impacts,” he added.
The Indian delegation also emphasized that loss and damage relates to actions before and after the impacts of climate change and is not limited to immediate relief, response and humanitarian assistance. “These areas are not funded through the existing funding mechanisms of adaptation finance, mitigation finance and the Green Climate Fund,” a senior MoEFCC official said from Glasgow.
Indian delegates said the US, EU and Switzerland were among the countries that did not want further talks on the facility.
India has faced one of the most prolonged and severe heat waves, especially in northwestern and central India. Spring heat waves from March to April in India and Pakistan were around 30 times more likely to occur due to climate change, a rapid attribution analysis by an international team of climatologists part of the World Weather Attribution Network. parts of the United States are experiencing extreme heat and power outages. More than 95 million people from southern California to western Pennsylvania and as far south as Florida were under an excessive heat warning or heat advisory, according to a Forbes report on Thursday. Spain and France also reported record heat over the past two days.
“We are in the era of loss and damage (L&D). The hard limits of adaptation are being realized and the scale of the challenge ahead is significant as the impacts of climate change are greater than previously anticipated,” reads a working paper from CAN International and others presented in Bonn.
“This UN meeting has elevated the serious loss and damage vulnerable countries face from climate change more than any previous negotiations, but has failed to clarify how to address the issue. Although developed countries have recognized the need to deal with such damage, they have rejected the demands of vulnerable nations to work towards the establishment of a new financing mechanism…perhaps the most decisive result of these talks is that developed countries are now realizing that the chorus calling for solutions to loss and damage is only intensifying and resolving this issue is a central measure of the success of the UN climate summit in Egypt. Increased attention to growing impacts must also lead to stronger climate action at all levels, from drastically reducing emissions and protecting forests to providing support to vulnerable countries facing the increasingly severe consequences of global overheating,” said a statement from the World Resources Institute on Thursday.